Overview: Mars

of "Lithograph: Mars"
Lithograph: Mars (PDF)
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This image from the Hubble Space Telescope shows water ice clouds across the center of the planet. Information about the climate and weather conditions on Mars is included.
Format(s) available: PDF
Grades: 6-12, but the material can be adapted for use in other grades at the teacher's discretion
How to use it in the classroom

Teachers can use Lithograph: Mars as:

An engagement tool in an inquiry-based lesson. Have students study the image side of the lithograph. Ask them to write down three to five questions they have about the image. When the students are finished, their questions can be used in a variety of ways:

• Ask students to find the answers to their questions by reading the back of the lithograph and/or the related materials listed below.

• Have students exchange papers so that each student has someone else's questions. Then have them find the answers to the other students' questions by reading the back of the lithograph and/or the related materials listed below.

• Gather the questions into a list by asking students to volunteer to read their questions while you or another student records them on the board or overhead. Ask students to raise their hands if they had the same or a similar question. Count the number of hands raised and record this number next to the question. Once all the student questions have been added to the list, have students search for the answers to their questions in the text on the back of the lithograph. When they complete that task, ask them to decide if each of their questions was answered completely, answered partially, or not answered at all. Go through the original list and place an "A" in front of the questions that were answered completely, a "P" for those that were partially answered, and an "N" for those that were not answered at all. Determine if the most commonly asked questions were also completely answered. Encourage students to do further research to find answers to the unanswered questions.

A content reading tool. Have students read the back of the lithograph and then write a quiz for the class.

A component in a compare/contrast activity. Have students compare the features/structure of terrestrial planets such as Mars, which is depicted in this lithograph and discussed in the text, to those of the gas giant planets. Use the Jovian planets lithograph, found in the related resources listed below, as an example of the gas giants. A T-chart or Venn diagram would be a good organizational tool to use for this activity. Examples of Graphic Organizers are included in the related materials below.

Related materials

Lithograph: Jovian Planets

See the Graphic Organizers section on "Teaching tools" page for examples.

See the Solar system section on "Teaching tools" page.

Overview: Mars